Fire Protection System (FPS) is a system that directly suppresses or controls fire, when occurs in a building and tends to spreads out. Usually, it consists of a fire hydrant, hose reel, and other water-based fixed firefighting systems (FFFS), such as sprinkler systems, water mist systems, etc. The fire incident in the generator room, sub-station, server room or data center, kitchen area are extinguished by special gases such as Carbon-di-oxide, FM 200 or Novec 1230 are also a part of the Fire Protection System.
Its purpose is to enhance life safety and lower the possible property damage by fire.
FPS can be classified into a few types:
- Fire Hydrant Systems: It consists of a Fire Pump, Hose Reels, a Pillar Hydrant Etc. The Fire pump supplies water in a certain pressure and adequate flow rate to extinguish the fire by Hose Pipe, Pillar Hydrants, Etc
- Fire Sprinkler Systems: A fire sprinkler system is an active fire protection method, consisting of a water supply system, providing adequate pressure and flowrate to a water distribution piping system, onto which fire sprinklers are connected. These Sprinklers are also connected with Hydrant System.
- Fire Suppression Systems: A fire suppression system is a term to describe the use of inert gases and chemical agents to extinguish a fire. It’s also called Clean Agent Fire Suppression. The system typically consists of the agent, agent storage containers, agent release valves, fire detectors, fire detection system (wiring control panel, actuation signaling), agent delivery piping, and agent dispersion nozzles. The fire gets extinguished, within a minute of activation and everything is automatic. Gas Suppression Systems are generally used in concealed rooms. The principle used by Gas Suppression System is by breaking the Fire Triangle, the fire ceases to exist. In the room, protected by Gas Suppression System, there are various detectors placed at various locations. Each detector constantly monitors the room for signs of fire.
As soon as the fire is detected, an alarm is sounded, to the personnel to evacuate the entire room. Then, a gas-like, Novec, Clean Agent or Co2 is released in the enclosed room. Thus, the oxygen in the room is rapidly reduced, to a level where fire cannot exist.